October 17, 2018  

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Pierre Drapeau

Dr. Pierre Drapeau obtained a Bachelor’s (1979), a Master’s (1982) and a PhD (1993) in Biological Sciences from the Université de Montréal. The subject of his thesis was bird community structure of the southern deciduous forest of Québec. From 1992 to 1994, he worked as a scientific coordinator for a program on ecosystem management of the Division of Regional Parks of the Montréal Urban Community. From 1994 to 1996, he did a postdoctoral training with the Interuniversity Research Group in forest Ecology (GREFi). He worked with collaborators of the GREfi on the issue of forest cover change in boreal forest and its effect on biodiversity using birds and small mammals as indicators. From 1996 to 1998, he coordinated many projects as an associate professor of the GREFi. He also participated in the demand for the Industrial Chair on Sustainable Forest Management, which was granted to both UQAM and UQAT in 1998. Since the creation of the Chair, Dr. Drapeau became a professor “sous-octroi” for the Department of Biological Sciences of the Université du Québec à Montréal. He is interested in wildlife-habitat relationships; effect of landscape structure on wildlife distribution, and on a more applied level; wildlife integration into forest ecosystem management.

Research orientation

Wildlife-habitat relationships in forest environment

Habitat characteristics are among the most important ecological factors responsible for the distribution of animal communities and species population in forest ecosystems. Our research aims at a better understanding of wildlife distribution inside different habitat components of the boreal forest mosaic. We study the relationship between local characteristics of habitat (stand type, vertical and horizontal vegetation structure, dead trees volume and density) and distribution of species, functional species groups and animal communities. Even though small mammals and insects are part of many projects, we concentrated on forest birds. Field work is done in naturally disturbed forests (fire and insect outbreak) as well as in managed forests.

Effects of landscape structure on wildlife distribution

This topic is related to the first one. It has become common knowledge that habitat use by wildlife isn’t based solely on local scale ecological factors. Composition and configuration of adjacent habitats can influence animal species abundance and presence (for a given set of habitat conditions). At a forest mosaic scale, landscape components are taken into account when evaluating cumulative effects of natural and anthropic disturbances on wildlife. Historically, boreal landscape has been modified on large areas by natural disturbance such as fire and insect outbreak. However, during the last few decades, industrial timber harvest became the dominant disturbance in many regions of the boreal forest. This study aims at evaluating how forest management differs from natural disturbance in terms of wildlife response to composition and configuration changes in the boreal forest mosaics. Field work is done in black spruce forest as well as in mixedwood forest. The study is done in collaboration with researchers of the Sustainable Forest Management Network, which brings together contributors from numerous Canadian universities.

Wildlife integration in forest ecosystem management

Traditionally, forest management was centered on one preoccupation: timber supply. Recent developments in terms of sustainable forest management – where all forest ecosystems components and uses has to be taken into consideration – lead to a significant change in forest practices. This research orientation emphasizes both the integration of knowledge on ecological factors responsible for wildlife distribution when managing forest areas and the planning of forest operations. The study aims at developing new approaches and tools that can be applied to managed forest areas and is based upon the principles and values of the Canadian Council of Forest Ministers on criteria and indicators for a sustainable forest management. Specifically, we wish to develop an ecological evaluation tool of species diversity in managed forest mosaics. This management tool will combine two knowledge units: a predicting unit of forest bird distribution in their habitat and a unit defining natural forest mosaic diversity inside forest areas. The integration of the two units will give a better picture of forest bird species diversity in natural forest mosaic, which is considered the mosaic of reference.

Email : drapeau.pierre[at]uqam.ca

Publications : (see most recent)

  1. Dominique Fauteux, Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau, Marc Mazerolle, 2012. Small mammal responses to coarse woody debris distribution at different spatial scales in managed and unmanaged boreal forests. For. Ecol. Manage. 266:194-205

  2. Tyler Rudolph, Pierre Drapeau, 2012. Using movement behaviour to define biological seasons for woodland caribou. Rangifer Special Issue 32(2):295-307

  3. Tyler Rudolph, Pierre Drapeau, Martin-Hugues Saint-Laurent, Louis Imbeau, 2012. STATUS of WOODLAND CARIBOU (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in the JAMES BAY REGION of NORTHERN QUEBEC Report presented to the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune u Québec and the Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) 72 p.

  4. Tyler Rudolph, Pierre Drapeau, Martin-Hugues Saint-Laurent, Louis Imbeau, 2012. Situation du Caribou forestier (Rangifer tarandus caribou) sur le territoire de la Baie-James dans la région du Nord-du-Québec. Rapport présenté au Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune du Québec et au Grand conseil des Cris (Eeyou Istchee) 77 p.

  5. Caroline Trudeau, Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau, Marc Mazerolle, 2012. Winter site occupancy patterns of the northern flying squirrel in boreal mixedwood forests. Mammalian Biology 77(4):258-263 DOI:10.1016/j.mambio.2012.02.006

  6. Virginie-Arielle Angers, Yves Bergeron, Pierre Drapeau, 2012. Morphological attributes and snag classification of four North American boreal tree species: Relationships with time since death and wood density. For. Ecol. Manage. 263(1):138-147 DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2011.09.004

  7. Virginie-Arielle Angers, Pierre Drapeau, Yves Bergeron, 2012. Mineralization rates and factors influencing snag decay in four North American boreal tree species. Can. J. For. Res.  DOI:10.1139/X11-167

  8. Ugo Ouelet-Lapointe, Pierre Drapeau, Philippe Cadieux, Louis Imbeau, 2012. Woodpecker excavations suitability for and occupancy by cavity users in the boreal mixedwood forest of eastern Canada Ecoscience 19(4):391-397

  9. Ambroise Lycke, Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau, 2011. Effects of commercial thinning on site occupancy and habitat use by spruce grouse in boreal Quebec. Can. J. For. Res. 41(3):501–508 DOI:10.1139/X10-226

  10. Antoine Nappi, Pierre Drapeau, 2011. Pre-fire forest conditions and fire severity as determinants of the quality of burned forests for deadwood-dependent species: the case of the black-backed woodpecker. Can. J. For. Res. 41(5):994-1003 DOI:10.1139/x11-028

  11. Virginie-Arielle Angers, Sylvie Gauthier, Pierre Drapeau, Karelle Jayen, Yves Bergeron, 2011. Tree mortality and snag dynamics in North American boreal tree species after a wildfire: a long-term study. International Journal of Wildland Fire 20(6):751-763 DOI:10.1071/WF10010

  12. Caroline Trudeau, Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau, Marc Mazerolle, 2011. Site occupancy and cavity use by the northern flying squirrel in the boreal forest. Journal of Wildlife Management 75(7):1646-1656. DOI:10.1002/jwmg.224

  13. Antoine Nappi, Pierre Drapeau, Michel St-Germain, Virginie-Arielle Angers, 2010. Effect of fire severity on long-term occupancy of burned boreal conifer forests by saproxylic insects and wood-foraging birds. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19(4):500–511 DOI:10.1071/WF08109

  14. Virginie-Arielle Angers, Pierre Drapeau, Yves Bergeron, 2010. Snag degradation pathways of four North American boreal tree species. For. Ecol. Manage. 259:246-256

  15. Antoine Nappi, Pierre Drapeau, 2009. Reproductive success of the black-backed woodpecker (Picoides arcticus) in burned boreal forests: Are burns source habitats? Biological Conservation 142(7): 1381-1391 DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2009.01.022

  16. Pierre Drapeau, Antoine Nappi, Louis Imbeau, Michel St-Germain, 2009. Standing deadwood for keystone bird species in the eastern boreal forest: Managing for snag dynamics. For. Chron. 85(2):227-234

  17. Michel St-Germain, Pierre Drapeau, C.M. Buddle, 2009. Landing Patterns of Phloem- and Wood-feeding Coleoptera on Black Spruce of Different Physiological and Decay States. Environ. Entomol. 38(3):797-802

  18. Ambroise Lycke, Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau, 2009. Utilisation des coupes partielles par la faune gibier : LE CAS DU TÉTRAS DU CANADA Chaire industrielle CRSNG UQAT-UQAM-AFD.Note de recherche 10. 2 p.

  19. Marianne Cheveau, Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau, Louis Bélanger, 2008. Current status and future directions of traditional ecological knowledge in forest management: a review. For. Chron. 84(2): 231-243.

  20. Annie Webb, C.M. Buddle, Pierre Drapeau, Michel St-Germain, 2008. Use of remnant boreal forest habitats by saproxylic beetle assemblages in even-aged managed landscapes. Biological Conservation 141(3): 815-826 DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2008.01.004

  21. Nicole Fenton, Hervé Bescond, Louis Imbeau, Catherine Boudreault, Pierre Drapeau, Yves Bergeron, 2008. Évaluation sylvicole et écologique de la coupe partielle dans la forêt boréale de la ceinture d’argile. (Chap. 15) Aménagement écosystémique en forêt boréale. Presses de l’Université du Québec. 393-416

  22. Catherine Boudreault, Yves Bergeron, Pierre Drapeau, Liliana Mascarua-Lopez, 2008. Edge effects on epiphytic lichens in remnant stands of managed landscapes in the eastern boreal forest of Canada. For. Ecol. Manage. 255(5-6): 1461-1471. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2007.11.002

  23. Maxim Larrivée, Pierre Drapeau, Lenore Fahrig, 2008. Edge effects created by wildfire and clear-cutting on boreal forest ground-dwelling spiders. For. Ecol. Manage. 255(5-6):1434-1445 DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2007.10.062

  24. Michel St-Germain, Pierre Drapeau, C.M. Buddle, 2007. Host-use patterns of saproxylic phloeophagous and xylophagous Coleoptera adults and larvae along the decay gradient in standing dead black spruce and aspen. Ecography 30(6): 737-748. DOI:10.1111/j.2007.0906-7590.05080.x

  25. Yves Bergeron, Pierre Drapeau, Sylvie Gauthier, Nicolas Lecomte, 2007. Using knowledge of natural disturbances to support sustainable forest management in the northern Clay Belt. For. Chron. 83(3):326-337.

  26. Michel St-Germain, Pierre Drapeau, C.M. Buddle, 2007. Persistence of pyrophilous insects in fire-driven boreal forests: population dynamics in burned and unburned habitats. (Short communication) Diversity and Distributions.  DOI:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2007.00452.x

  27. Caroline Gagné, Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau, 2007. Anthropogenic edges: Their influence on the American three-toed woodpecker (Picoides dorsalis) foraging behaviour in managed boreal forests of Quebec. For. Ecol. Manage. 252(1-3):191-200. DOI:doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2007.06.039

  28. Michel St-Germain, Pierre Drapeau, C.M. Buddle, 2007. Occurrence patterns of aspen-feeding wood-borers (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) along the wood decay gradient: active selection for specific host types or neutral mechanisms? Ecological Entomology 32(6): 712-721. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2311.2007.00926.x

  29. Karen Harper, Liliana Mascarua-Lopez, Ellen MacDonald, Pierre Drapeau, 2007. Interaction of edge influence from multiple edges: examples from narrow corridors. Plant Ecol. 192(1): 71-84. DOI:10.1007/s11258-006-9227-z

  30. Karen Harper, Yves Bergeron, Pierre Drapeau, Sylvie Gauthier, Louis DeGrandpré, 2006. Changes in spatial pattern of trees and snags during structural development in Picea mariana boreal forests. J. Veg. Sci. 17:625-636.

  31. Karen Harper, Yves Bergeron, Pierre Drapeau, Sylvie Gauthier, Louis DeGrandpré, 2005. Structural development following fire in black spruce boreal forest. For. Ecol. Manage. 206(1-3):293-306. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.11.008

  32. Maxim Larivée, F Lenore, Pierre Drapeau, 2005. Effects of a recent wildfire and clearcuts on ground-dwelling boreal forest spider assemblages. Can. J. For. Res. 35(11): 2575-2588. DOI:10.1139/x05-169

  33. Pierre Drapeau, 2005. La récupération des bois dans les forêts incendiées: un banc d'essai pour la mise en œuvre de l'aménagement écosystémique proposé par la Commission Coulombe? Le Couvert Boréal pages 24-25.

  34. Sylvie Gauthier, Thuy Nguyen-Xuan, Yves Bergeron, Alain Leduc, Pierre Drapeau, Pierre Grondin, 2004. Developing Forest Management Strategies Based on Fire Regimes in Northwestern Quebec, Canada. Chapter 18. In A.H. Perera, L.J. Buse et M.G. Weber. Emulating Natural Forest Landscape Disturbances : Concepts and Applications. Columbia University Press, New York, NY.

  35. Marianne Cheveau, Pierre Drapeau, Louis Imbeau, Yves Bergeron, 2004. Owl winter irruptions as an indicator of small mammal population cycles in the boreal forest of eastern North America. Oikos 107:190-198.

  36. Karen Harper, Daniel Lesieur, Yves Bergeron, Pierre Drapeau, 2004. Forest structure and composition at young fire and cut edges in black spruce boreal forest Can. J. For. Res. 34(2):289-302. DOI:10.1139/x03-279

  37. Suzanne Brais, Marcel Darveau, Pierre Drapeau, Antoine Nappi, 2004. Pourquoi et comment maintenir du bois mort dans les forêts aménagées du Québec Œ Avis scientifique. Société de la faune et des parcs du Québec, Direction du développement de la faune et Ministère des Ressources naturelles du Québec, Direction de l'environnement forestier. 35 p.

  38. Héloise Rheault, Pierre Drapeau, Yves Bergeron, Per Anders Essen, 2003. Edge effects on epiphytic lichens in managed black spruce forests of eastern North America. Can. J. For. Res. 33(1):23-32. DOI:10.1139/x02-152

  39. Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau, M Mönkkönen, 2003. Are forest birds categorised as "edge species" strictly associated with edges? Ecography 26(4):514-520.

  40. Karen Harper, Catherine Boudreault, Louis DeGrandpré, Pierre Drapeau, Sylvie Gauthier, Yves Bergeron, 2003. Structure, composition, and diversity of old-growth black spruce boreal forest of the Clay Belt region in Quebec and Ontario. Environ. Rev. 11:S79-S98.

  41. Antoine Nappi, Pierre Drapeau, Jean-François Giroux, Jean-Pierre Savard, 2003. Snag use by foraging black-backed woodpeckers (Picoides articus) in recently burned eastern boreal forest. The Auk 120(2):505-511.

  42. Pierre Drapeau, Alain Leduc, Yves Bergeron, Sylvie Gauthier, Jean-Pierre Savard, 2003. Les communautés d'oiseaux des vieilles forêts de la pessière à mousses de la ceinture d'argile : Problèmes et solutions face à l'aménagement forestier. For. Chron. 79(3):531-540.

  43. Émilie Lantin, Pierre Drapeau, David Paré, Yves Bergeron, 2003. Preliminary assessment of habitat characteristics of woodland caribou calving areas in the Claybelt region of Québec and Ontario, Canada Rangifer Special Issue 14:247-254.

  44. Pierre Drapeau, Alain Leduc, Yves Bergeron, Sylvie Gauthier, Jean-Pierre Savard, 2003. Bird communities in old lichen-black spruce stands in the clay belt: Problems and solutions regarding forest management For. Chron. 79(3):531-540.

  45. Mark Purdon, Josée Noël, Antoine Nappi, Pierre Drapeau, Brian Harvey, Suzanne Brais, Yves Bergeron, Sylvie Gauthier, David Greene, 2003. The impact of salvage-logging after wildfire in the boreal forest : Lessons from Abitibi. Chaire industrielle CRSNG UQAT-UQAM-AFD. Fiche technique 4. 8 pages.

  46. Alain Leduc, Christian Messier, Pierre Drapeau, Brian Harvey, Yves Bergeron, Louis Imbeau, Alison Munson, Louis Bélanger, Luc Bouthillier, Marcel Darveau, Luc Sirois, Daniel Kneeshaw, 2002. Modification du RNI - une timide ouverture à une gestion plus adaptée aux réalités régionales. L'Aubelle 140:20-21.

  47. Michel Leboeuf, Pierre Drapeau, Louis Imbeau, Marcel Darveau, 2002. Dossier la foresterie et les oiseaux: silence, on coupe! Québec Oiseaux. 14(1):12-23.

  48. Karen Harper, Yves Bergeron, Sylvie Gauthier, Pierre Drapeau, 2002. Structural development of black spruce forests following fire in Abitibi, Québec: a landscape scale investigation. Silva Fennica 36(1):249-263

  49. Alain Leduc, Thuy Nguyen-Xuan, Yves Bergeron, Brian Harvey, Sylvie Gauthier, Pierre Drapeau, 2002. L'aménagement par cohorte: de la rhétorique à la pratique. Chaire industrielle CRSNG UQAT-UQAM-AFD. Fiche technique 3. 4 pages.

  50. Mark Purdon, Josée Noël, Antoine Nappi, Pierre Drapeau, Brian Harvey, Suzanne Brais, Yves Bergeron, Sylvie Gauthier, David Greene, 2002. L'impact des coupes de récupération après feu en forêt boréale : leçons d'Abitibi. Chaire industrielle CRSNG UQAT-UQAM-AFD. Fiche technique 4. 8 pages.

  51. Sylvie Gauthier, Patrick Lefort, Yves Bergeron, Pierre Drapeau, 2002. Carte du temps écoulé depuis le feu, répartition des classes d'âge et dynamique forestière dans la forêt modèle du lac Abitibi. Rapport d'information LAU-X-125F. 10 p.

  52. Karen Harper, Yves Bergeron, Sylvie Gauthier, Pierre Drapeau, 2002. Post-fire development of canopy structure and composition in black spruce forests of Abitibi, Quebec: A landscape scale study. Silva Fennica 36(1):249-263

  53. Catherine Boudreault, Yves Bergeron, Sylvie Gauthier, Pierre Drapeau, 2002. Bryophyte and lichen communities in mature to old-growth stands in eastern boreal forests of Canada. Can. J. For. Res. 32(6):1080-1093. DOI:10.1139/x02-027

  54. Yves Claveau, Daniel Kneeshaw, Pierre Drapeau, Brian Harvey, 2001. Le modèle forestier Finlandais est-il toujours un exemple à suivre? L'Aubelle 136:14-24.

  55. Pierre Drapeau, 2001. Les brûlis récents, la récupération des arbres morts et leurs conséquences sur la biodiversité. In N. Perron et M. Plante et C. Dusseault, éditeurs. Actes du 2ième Forum Forêt Faune 1999. Conférence et table ronde sur l’intégration des activités forestières et fauniques. Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Québec, Canada. 83-98.

  56. Sylvie Gauthier, Alain Leduc, Brian Harvey, Yves Bergeron, Pierre Drapeau, 2001. Les perturbations naturelles et la diversité écosystémique. Numéro spécial: La forêt boréale: recherche et biodiversité. Le Naturaliste canadien 125:10-17.

  57. Pierre Drapeau, Alain Leduc, Jean-Pierre Savard, Yves Bergeron, 2001. Les oiseaux forestiers, des indicateurs des changements des mosaïques forestières boréales. Numéro spécial: La forêt boréale: recherche et biodiversité. Le Naturaliste canadien 125:41-46.

  58. Alain Leduc, Yves Bergeron, Pierre Drapeau, Brian Harvey, Sylvie Gauthier, 2000. Le régime naturel des incendies forestiers : un guide pour l’aménagement durable de la forêt boréale. L'Aubelle 135:13-22.

  59. Pierre Drapeau, Alain Leduc, Jean-François Giroux, Jean-Pierre Savard, Yves Bergeron, W.-L. Vickery, 2000. Landscape-scale disturbances and changes in bird communities of boreal mixed-wood forests. Ecological Monographs 70(3):423-444.

  60. Pierre Drapeau, Alain Leduc, Raymond McNeil, 1999. Refining the use of point counts at the scale of individual points in studies of bird-habitat relationships. Journal of Avian Biology 30(4):367-382.

Post-doctoral fellow
(d) = Supervisor; (c) = Co-supervisor

◊ Guillaume Sainte-Marie (d)





M.Sc.
(d) = Supervisor; (c) = Co-supervisor

◊ Annick Antaya (d)

◊ Carine Côté-Germain (d)

◊ Juliette Duranleau (d)





Graduated Ph.D.
(d) = Supervisor; (c) = Co-supervisor

◊ Philippe Cadieux (d) 2016

◊ Virginie-Arielle Angers (d) 2010

◊ Antoine Nappi (d) 2009

◊ Vincent Carignan (d) 2006

◊ Emilie Chavel (c) 2018

◊ Alain Fréchette (c) 2013

◊ Saliha Zouaoui (c) 2010

◊ Marianne Cheveau (c) 2010

◊ Maxim Larrivée (c) 2008

◊ Michel St-Germain (c) 2007



Graduated M.Sc.
(d) = Supervisor; (c) = Co-supervisor

◊ Alexandre Fouillet (d) 2018

◊ Nathalie Gendron (d) 2016

◊ Antoine Plouffe Leboeuf (d) 2016

◊ Delphine Favorel (d) 2016

◊ Anne Piuze-Paquet (d) 2016

◊ Chantal Cloutier (d) 2015

◊ Geneviève Potvin (d) 2015

◊ Simon Bédard (d) 2013

◊ Nicolas Bergeron (d) 2012

◊ Maxime Allard (d) 2011

◊ Tyler Rudolph (d) 2011

◊ Philippe Cadieux (d) 2011

◊ Ugo Ouelet-Lapointe (d) 2010

◊ Anaïs Gasse (d) 2007

◊ Marie-André Vaillancourt (d) 2007

◊ Edith Leclerc (d) 2007

◊ Dominique Dufault (d) 2006

◊ Caroline Gagné (d) 2006

◊ Liliana Mascarua-Lopez (d) 2005

◊ Mireille Poulin (d) 2005

◊ Michel Leboeuf (d) 2004

◊ Marianne Cheveau (d) 2003

◊ Héloise Rheault (d) 2003

◊ Michel St-Germain (d) 2003

◊ Daniel Brongo (d) 2002

◊ Geneviève Farley (d) 2002

◊ Antoine Nappi (d) 2000

◊ Julie Fortin (d) 1999

◊ André Arsenault (d) 1990

◊ Morgane Labadie (c) 2017

◊ Jean-Martin Veilleux (c) 2016

◊ Alexandre Lafontaine-Bissonnette (c) 2016

◊ Jonathan Gaudreau (c) 2016

◊ Pauline Priol (c) 2013

◊ Dominique Fauteux (c) 2011

◊ Caroline Trudeau (c) 2010

◊ Annie Webb (c) 2006

◊ Maxim Larrivée (c) 2003

◊ Catherine Boudreault (c) 1997



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