Climate-induced range shifts in boreal forest pests: ecological, economic, and social consequences.
Louis De Grandpré, Deepa Pureswaran, Mathieu Bouchard, Daniel Kneeshaw.
Climate change is causing northward shifts in species ranges. For mobile species such as insects, this will increase their access to forest ecosystems where in the past their presence and impact was limited. Range expansion and increases in outbreak severity of forest pests have been documented in Europe and North America (Jepsen et al. 2008; Bentz et al. 2010). Temperature-mediated phenological changes and trophic interactions among host trees, herbivorous insects, and their natural enemies are linked to the long-term effects of range expansion on boreal ecosystems. The degree to which temperate and boreal forest ecosystems are resilient to novel disturbance regimes will have direct consequences on the provisioning of goods and services from these forests and on long-term forest management planning. These concerns were the impetus for the organization of a workshop on climate-induced range shifts in boreal forest pests. Contributions to this special feature are selected papers from the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) workshop held in July 2016 in northeastern Quebec. The workshop was organized around five themes related to the consequences of range shifts of boreal forest insect pests: (1) plant–insect phenology, (2) species range expansions, (3) ecosystem response to changes in disturbance regimes, (4) interactions among disturbances, and (5) forest management and adaptation to change.