Synergetic effect of Posidonia oceanica fibres and deinking paper sludge on the thermo-mechanical properties of high density polyethylene composites.
Manel Haddar, Ahmed Elloumi, Ahmed Koubaa, Cheldy Bradai, Sébastien Migneault, Foued Elhalouani.
This study evaluated the reinforcement potential of Posidonia oceanica fibres (POF) and deinking paper sludge (DPS) on the thermo-mechanical properties of high density polyethylene (HDPE) binary and hybrid composites. The weight ratios of the fillers (POF and/or DPS) to the polymer were 0:100; 20:80; 30:70 and 40:60 (wt:wt). Maleated polyethylene (MAPE) was added at a proportion of 3% by weight. The chemical composition, structural and thermal properties and morphology of the fillers were investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The mechanical (tensile and impact strength) and thermal properties (TGA and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)) of the binary and hybrid composites were also investigated. Binary and hybrid composite properties depend on the chemical composition of the fillers (POF and DPS), the filler/matrix interfacial adhesion and the POF: DPS ratio. The tensile modulus and strength of the binary and hybrid composites increased with increasing filler content (POF or/and DPS). A better interfacial adhesion between fillers and matrix was achieved in the presence of MAPE. HDPE/POF/MAPE composites achieved the highest tensile modulus and strength with 40% POF. But lower thermal stability, ductility and impact strength were found with the addition of the POF. However, the thermal stability, crystallinity, ductility and toughness improved in HDPE/POF/DPS/MAPE hybrid composites due to the addition of DPS or the substitution of POF by DPS. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.