Yves Bergeron, Guillermo Gea Izquierdo, Marie-Pierre Lapointe-Garant, J. Grace, Frank Berninger, Jian-Guo Huang. The relationship between productivity and tree-ring growth in boreal coniferous forests. 2014. Boreal Environment Research 19(5-6):363-378
Ecosystem productivity estimated with a model calibrated with eddy-covariance data was related to tree-ring growth of two different boreal conifers along a latitudinal gradient. The relationship between ecosystem productivity and growth changed with species and site. Greater photosynthesis in spring and summer increased annual anomalies of radial growth in both species, and the response of growth to productivity was earlier in warmer southern stands particularly for pine. Radial growth of jack pine increased in the long-term with higher productivity, whereas this relationship was more reduced in black spruce. This could express species-specific differences in carbon allocation strategies but likely it is a consequence of the limiting marginal soils where spruce is found in the south. Only tree-rings of jack pine at some sites showed certain potential as direct proxies for ecosystem productivity at the low and high-frequency responses. Introduction Climate warming and the increase in atmos-pheric-CO 2 concentrations cause changes in forest growth and ecosystem productivity. There are reports of contrasting growth responses to warming over recent decades in different types of forests. Although some boreal species show negative growth trends in response to recent climate change (Hoofgaard et al. 1999, D'Arrigo et al. 2004), net ecosystem productivity in boreal and temperate conditions is generally expected to increase with increasing temperatures (Myneni et al. 1997, Boisvenue and Running 2006). Forest growth measurements and models assume that there is a close connection between the stem
Guillermo Gea Izquierdo, Annikki Mäkelä, Hank Margolis, Yves Bergeron, T. Andrew Black, Allison Dunn, Julian Hadley, Kyaw Tha Paw, Matthias Falk, Sonia Wharton, Russell Monson, David Y. Hollinger, Tuomas Laurila, Harry McCaughey, Charles Bourque, Timo Vesala, Frank Berninger. Modeling acclimation of photosynthesis to temperature in evergreen conifer forests. 2010. New Phytologist 1-12
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03367.x
- In this study, we used a canopy photosynthesis model which describes changes in photosynthetic capacity with slow temperature-dependent acclimations. • A flux-partitioning algorithm was applied to fit the photosynthesis model to net ecosystem exchange data for 12 evergreen coniferous forests from northern temperate and boreal regions.
- The model accounted for much of the variation in photosynthetic production, with modeling efficiencies (mean > 67%) similar to those of more complex models. The parameter describing the rate of acclimation was larger at the northern sites, leading to a slower acclimation of photosynthesis to temperature. The response of the rates of photosynthesis to air temperature in spring was delayed up to several days at the coldest sites. Overall photosynthesis acclimation processes were slower at colder, northern locations than at warmer, more southern, and more maritime sites.
- Consequently, slow changes in photosynthetic capacity were essential to explaining variations of photosynthesis for colder boreal forests (i.e. where acclimation of photosynthesis to temperature was slower), whereas the importance of these processes was minor in warmer conifer evergreen forests.