Pauline Suffice, Marc Mazerolle, Louis Imbeau, Marianne Cheveau, Hugo Asselin, Pierre Drapeau. Site occupancy by American martens and fishers in temperate deciduous forests of Québec. 2023. Journal of mammalogy 104(1):159-170
DOI : 10.1093/jmammal/gyac092
Interspecific interactions can mediate site occupancy of sympatric species and can be a key factor in habitat use patterns. American martens (Martes americana) and Fishers (Pekania pennanti) are two sympatric mesocarnivores in eastern North American forests. Due to their larger size, fishers have a competitive advantage over martens. We investigated site occupancy of martens and fishers in temperate deciduous forests of Québec, an environment modified by forest management and climate change. We formulated hypotheses on the spatial distribution of the studied species based on the knowledge of local trappers and on the scientific literature regarding forest cover composition, habitat fragmentation, and competitive relationships. We used a network of 49 camera traps monitored over two fall seasons to document site occupancy by both species. We used two-species site occupancy models to assess habitat use and the influence of fishers on martens at spatial grains of different sizes. None of the habitat variables that we considered explained site occupancy by fishers. Availability of dense old coniferous stands explained the spatial distribution of martens both at the home range grain size and at the landscape grain size. We identified the characteristics of habitat hotspots based on the knowledge of trappers, which highlighted the importance of stand composition, height, age, and canopy closure. The characteristics of habitat hotspots for martens in temperate deciduous forests refine the habitat suitability model for American martens that was originally developed for boreal forests of Québec.
Mariano Feldman, Rémi Chevalier, Nicole J. Fenton, Marc Mazerolle, Louis Imbeau. Eating frogs in the north: attempted predation of Tringa melanoleuca on boreal Lithobates adult frogs (Anura: Ranidae). 2022. Herpetology notes 15:399-402
Delphine Théberge, Jean-Michel Beaudoin, Hugo Asselin, Étienne St-Jean, Marc Mazerolle, Luc Bouthillier , J. Ben Mansour. Les employeurs forestiers sont-ils prêts à accueillir les travailleurs autochtones? Résultats d'une enquête au Québec dans le contexte de pénurie de main-d'oeuvre. 2022. In : Les diversités en emploi : perspectives et enjeux au Québec et au Canada (A. Lechaume, C. Fleury, C. Prévost, Eds.) Québec: Presses de l'Université Laval 333-367
Émilie Desjardins, Nicole J. Fenton, Marcel Darveau, Marc Mazerolle, Louis Imbeau. Waterfowl use of mine tailing ponds in comparison with beaver ponds
in boreal eastern Canada. 2021. Avian Conservation and Ecology. 16(2):24
DOI : 10.5751/ACE-02003-160224
Wetlands are essential for many animal and plant species. However, many of these ecosystems are being degraded. Wetland degradation affects the habitat of certain groups of species such as waterfowl, which use these environments at different stages of their life cycle. In this study, we assessed the quality of man-made wetlands, i.e., mine tailing ponds, in comparison to beaver ponds, which are natural wetlands used by waterfowl. We conducted repeated surveys of breeding waterfowl species present on 12 mining ponds and 38 beaver ponds in boreal western Quebec, Canada. We also conducted brood surveys and considered environmental variables at the sites that could affect their occupancy. Conditions at the mining ponds appear to be as favorable for the establishment of breeding waterfowl as those observed in beaver ponds. Using site occupancy models, we found that five out of the six species studied were as likely to occupy and breed in mining ponds as in beaver ponds: Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris), American Wigeon (Mareca americana), Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca), and Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus). Both adults and broods of Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) were more likely to use mining ponds than beaver ponds, but we did not find a direct relationship between goldeneye occupancy and environmental variables at our sites. Overall, the results of our study suggest that mining ponds have the potential to be managed for waterfowl and used by this group during the breeding season. However, further studies are required to assess the long-term effects of mining ponds on wildlife, particularly regarding contaminants such as heavy metals likely present at such sites.
Gilles Joanisse, Marc Mazerolle, Mathilde Lapointe St-Pierre, Louis Imbeau. Woodland salamander population structure and body condition under irregular shelterwood systems. 2021. Can. J. For. Res. 51(9):1281-1291
DOI : 10.1139/cjfr-2020-0405
Ecosystem-based management aims to preserve old-growth forest attributes using techniques mimicking natural disturbances. One such technique is irregular shelterwood logging, but its impacts on forest floor organisms are poorly known. Our objective was to quantify the effects of three different treatments of irregular shelterwood on population structure and the body condition of the eastern red-backed salamander (Plethodon cinereus) 5–6 years following harvesting. A total of 64 sites in western Québec were sampled using artificial refugia and quadrat searches. Large salamanders (>32 mm) were more abundant in the gap treatment than in strip, uniform, or control treatments. Small salamanders (≤32 mm) followed the same pattern, although the differences were marginal. For a given treatment, small salamanders were as abundant as large salamanders. Salamander body condition differed between the 2 years of sampling but did not differ among treatments, regardless of salamander size. We conclude that environmental conditions in irregular shelterwood treatments 5–6 years following harvesting support populations of small vertebrates on the forest floor.
Marc Mazerolle, Mariano Feldman, Nicole J. Fenton, Marcel Darveau, Philippe Marchand, Louis Imbeau. Trends and gaps in the use of citizen science derived data as input for species distribution models: A quantitative review 2021. PlosOne 16(3):e0234587
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0234587
Citizen science (CS) currently refers to the participation of non-scientist volunteers in any discipline of conventional scientific research. Over the last two decades, nature-based CS has flourished due to innovative technology, novel devices, and widespread digital platforms used to collect and classify species occurrence data. For scientists, CS offers a low-cost approach of collecting species occurrence information at large spatial scales that otherwise would be prohibitively expensive. We examined the trends and gaps linked to the use of CS as a source of data for species distribution models (SDMs), in order to propose guidelines and highlight solutions. We conducted a quantitative literature review of 207 peer-reviewed articles to measure how the representation of different taxa, regions, and data types have changed in SDM publications since the 2010s. Our review shows that the number of papers using CS for SDMs has increased at approximately double the rate of the overall number of SDM papers. However, disparities in taxonomic and geographic coverage remain in studies using CS. Western Europe and North America were the regions with the most coverage (73%). Papers on birds (49%) and mammals (19.3%) outnumbered other taxa. Among invertebrates, flying insects including Lepidoptera, Odonata and Hymenoptera received the most attention. Discrepancies between research interest and availability of data were as especially important for amphibians, reptiles and fishes. Compared to studies on animal taxa, papers on plants using CS data remain rare. Although the aims and scope of papers are diverse, species conservation remained the central theme of SDM using CS data. We present examples of the use of CS and highlight recommendations to motivate further research, such as combining multiple data sources and promoting local and traditional knowledge. We hope our findings will strengthen citizen-researchers partnerships to better inform SDMs, especially for less-studied taxa and regions. Researchers stand to benefit from the large quantity of data available from CS sources to improve global predictions of species distributions.
Nicole J. Fenton, Sylvain Jutras, Samuel Roy Proulx, Yves Bergeron, Alain Leduc, Marc Mazerolle. Partial Harvest in Paludified Black Spruce Stand: Short-Term
Effects on Water Table and Variation in Stem Diameter 2021. Forests 12(3):271
DOI : 10.3390/f12030271
The boreal forest is considered to be a low productivity forest due to its cold climate and poorly drained soils promoting paludification. These factors create conditions favouring accumulation of undecomposed organic matter, which causes declining growth rates of forest stands, ultimately converting mature stands into peatlands. Under these conditions, careful logging is conducted during winter, which minimizes soil disturbance in northwestern Quebec boreal forest. This results in water table rise, increased light availability and paludification. Our main objective was to evaluate the short-term effect of partial harvesting as an alternative method to careful logging in winter to mitigate water table rise on black spruce (Picea mariana [Mill.] B.S.P.) stands. We quantified tree stem diameter variation and daily variation in water table depth in mature spruce stands before and after partial harvest (basal area reduction of 40%) and girdling (same basal area reduction with delayed mortality) during 2016 and 2017 growing seasons. Water table variation prior to and following silvicultural treatments did not differ one year after treatment. Daily stem diameter variation in black spruce did not differ between treatments and control. Furthermore, temperature exerted a positive effect on variation in water table and on stem diameter. These results suggest that partial harvest could be more effective than clearcutting to mitigate negative effects of a high water table while limiting paludification.
Kobra Maleki, Benoit Lafleur, Brian Harvey, Marc Mazerolle, Nicole J. Fenton. Changes in Deadwood and Understory Vegetation
12 Years after Partial and Clearcut Harvesting in
Mixedwood Stands of Western Quebec, Canada. 2020. Forest Science 66(3):337-350
DOI : 10.1093/forsci/fxz087
Pauline Suffice, Marianne Cheveau, Marc Mazerolle, Louis Imbeau, Hugo Asselin, Pierre Drapeau. Habitat, Climate, and Fisher and Marten Distributions. 2020. Journal of Wildlife Management 84(2):277-292
DOI : 10.1002/jwmg.21795
Since the mid?twentieth century, fisher populations (Pekania pennanti) increased in several eastern jurisdictions of North America, particularly in the northern part of the species’ range. Changes in fisher distribution have led to increased overlap with the southern portion of the range of American marten (Martes americana), whose populations may be locally declining. This overlap occurs particularly in habitats undergoing natural and anthropogenic modification. The objective of our study was to determine the respective effects of habitat changes and climatic conditions on fisher and marten populations in Quebec, Canada, based on trapper knowledge. We analyzed annual fisher and marten harvest (number of pelts sold/100?km2) between the 1984–1985 and 2014–2015 trapping seasons using linear mixed models. Fisher harvest increased with the increased abundance of mixed forests >12?m tall, resulting from decades of forest harvesting. Fisher harvest decreased with increasing spring rains, which can affect survival when rearing young. Marten harvest decreased with increasing winter rains, which lower thermoregulation capacity and hamper movements by creating an ice crust on the snowpack, reducing access to subnivean areas. Decline in marten harvest during the 30?year study period coincided with an increase in fisher harvest, suggesting possible interspecific competition. Results highlight that managers should strive to maintain mixedwood stands taller than 12?m to maintain high quality habitat for fishers. Our study confirms the importance of working with trappers to assess furbearing population trends in response to habitat changes and climatic conditions. © 2019 The Wildlife Society.
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Marion Séguy, Moez Touihri, David M. Bird, Marc Mazerolle, Louis Imbeau. Effects of agricultural lands on habitat selection and breeding success of
American kestrels in a boreal context. 2019. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 272:146-154
DOI : 10.1016/j.agee.2018.11.017
Sudden changes in habitat quality during the breeding season may mislead individuals when selecting their nesting site and result in population declines. In such cases, even semi-natural and extensive agricultural lands may become ecological traps. We examined how the availability of six open habitat types (i.e. agricultural lands, open forests, alder swamps, young forests, regeneration, and wetlands) could be affecting the habitat selection process, as well as the hatching and fledging successes of American kestrels (Falco sparverius). We hypothesized that natural open habitats are less disturbed by anthropogenic activities than extensive agricultural lands and thus represent higher quality habitats for kestrels. We also considered weather conditions during the breeding season as possible factors affecting hatching and fledging successes. We monitored 200 pairs of American kestrels during 11 years (2006–2016) within a network of 155 nest box stations and we characterized landscape composition metrics within 800?m radii from each nest box. We used generalized linear mixed models and multimodel inference to quantify the effects of landscape composition metrics on the probabilities of using nesting site, hatching success, and fledging success of American kestrels. We also tested the effects of weather conditions and clutch initiation date on hatching and fledging successes of kestrels. We found that the probability of nesting site use increased with the amount of agricultural lands. Hatching success decreased with the amount of agricultural lands, whereas the fledging success of kestrels did not vary with the amount of agricultural lands. Both the probabilities of hatching and of fledging increased with the area of young forests. There was no evidence of a weather effect on hatching success. However, the probability of fledging success increased with mean temperature during the raising period of nestlings. Although fledging success alone does not determine fitness or population dynamics, our results suggest that kestrels nesting in this region at the northern limit of their range may be caught in an ecological trap by extensive agricultural lands. Indeed, kestrels were attracted by meadows when selecting nesting habitat, but the hatching and early nestling periods coincided with hay harvesting which could reduce the hunting success of breeding adults and suddenly alter food availability. Although the causes of recent kestrel declines remain unclear, our results suggest that harvesting practices, even those related to extensive perennial agriculture, may have a negative effect on the breeding success of the species compared to areas dominated by young forests.
Marc Mazerolle Titre à venir Axe écologie UQAM (2023-03-15)
Nathan Chabaud, Louis Imbeau, Marc Mazerolle, Pierre Drapeau, Pauline Suffice, Marianne Cheveau. Habitat selection by fisher (Pekania pennanti) in Quebec deciduous forest 15e colloque annuel du CEF, Université de Sherbrooke, Québec (2022-09-28)
Mariano Javier Feldman, Louis Imbeau, Marc Mazerolle. Communautés d'amphibiens utilisant des petits étangs du Nord-du-Québec 3e colloque annuel de la Chaire industrielle CRSNG-UQAT sur la biodiversité en contexte minier. Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Rouyn-Noranda, Québec. (2022-04-22)
Riheb Saadouni, Osvaldo Valeria, Marc Mazerolle. Modélisation de risque de rupture de la route forestière associé à sa vulnérabilité et à sa détérioration 20e colloque de la Chaire AFD. Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Lorrainville, Québec. (2018-11-30)
Riheb Saadouni, Osvaldo Valeria, Marc Mazerolle. Affiche 14
Construction des fonctions de risque de rupture de la route forestière associé à sa vulnérabilité et à sa détérioration 19e colloque de la Chaire AFD. Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Ste-Germaine-Boulé, Québec. (2017-11-30)
Manuella Strukelj-Humphery, Suzanne Brais, Marc Mazerolle, David Paré, Pierre Drapeau. Décomposition du bois mort et des litières de feuillage après coupes partielles et totales 17e colloque de la Chaire AFD. Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Rouyn-Noranda, Québec. (2015-12-02)
Emilie Chavel, Marc Mazerolle, Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau. La Voix : les plus belles détections de la forêt boréale 17e colloque de la Chaire AFD. Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Rouyn-Noranda, Québec. (2015-12-02)
Marion Barbé, Emilie Chavel, Nicole J. Fenton, Louis Imbeau, Marc Mazerolle, Pierre Drapeau, Yves Bergeron. Les petits mammifères comme agents de dispersion des mousses et fougères en forêt boréale 17e colloque de la Chaire AFD. Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Rouyn-Noranda, Québec. (2015-12-02)
Dominique Fauteux, Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau, Marc Mazerolle. Effets des débris ligneux grossiers sur la distribution à fine échelle des micromammifères en forêt boréale aménagée de l’ouest du Québec 12e colloque de la Chaire AFD. Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Rouyn-Noranda, Québec. (2010-11-13)
Jonathan Gagnon, Louis Imbeau, Marc Mazerolle. Effets de la composition du paysage et de l’année sur le régime alimentaire de la Petite Nyctale en sapinière à bouleau blanc de l‘ouest du Québec 12e colloque de la Chaire AFD. Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Rouyn-Noranda, Québec. (2010-11-13)
Caroline Trudeau, Louis Imbeau, Pierre Drapeau, Marc Mazerolle. Les cavités sont-elles importantes pour le Grand Polatouche en période froide? 11e colloque de la Chaire AFD. Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Rouyn-Noranda, Québec. (2009-12-09)